The Ministry for the Environment collaborates with FAO through specific agreements in some areas of common interest – including sustainable development promotion, climate change contention, Climate Smart Agriculture and bioenergy – and through the participation, within the national co-ordination led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, to the FAO institutional work and governing bodies (FAO Council, and FAO Conference).

In March 2014, the Ministry for the Environment has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with FAO to support the Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture (GACSA). The activities promoted under the Memorandum have been co-financed by Italy with $ 2,13 million and will be completed by 2017. Particular attention has been given to the elaboration of pre-feasibility studies, designed to build project opportunities that respect the CSA approach, with particular reference to some countries including Ethiopia, Botswana, Ecuador, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.  Since April 2015, Italy is also a member of GACSA.

The Ministry for the Environment also supports the Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP): an international initiative launched in July 2005 at the G8 meeting in Gleneagles (UK), with the aim of promoting an efficient use of biomass and bio-fuels, particularly in developing countries. Through the Ministry for the Environment, Italy co-chairs, together with Brazil, the GBEP, which now comprises 23 States and 14 international organizations as partners, as well as 27 other States and 12 international organizations as observers.