In 1990, the Montreal Protocol established the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol in order to assist developing countries to achieve their compliance commitments with regard to the elimination of production and consumption of harmful ozone substances. The Fund finances technology conversion projects, technical assistance, institutional strengthening, training and information projects in 147 developing countries (defined as "Article 5 Countries" under the Protocol). Since its establishment to date, the Fund has approved activities worth over US $3.6 billion, eliminated more than 488,909 metric tons of harmful ozone substances through more than 7,000 projects.
The Fund is supported by 49 industrialized countries, including Italy, on a three-year basis. For the three-year period 2015-2017, the Fund's financial availability amounts to $507.5 million.
Italy contributed to the Fund budget, for the 2015-2017 period, with $ 26,967,753.30 (€6,559,157.00 per year). The portion of the Italian contribution to the Fund replenishment is established on the basis of the UN-level scale of contribution.
Italy also participates in the Fund’s Executive Committee: the body that develops and monitors the project design guidelines, promotes and controls the implementation of operational policies and manages the Fund's money, by establishing its delivery arrangements.
The Executive Committee and the Fund Secretariat operate through four international implementing agencies: UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization), UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), UNDP (United Nations Development Program), the WORLD BANK and also through some bilateral agencies, including Italy. Such agencies are the viable link between the Fund and the developing countries.
Projects for which the Fund is requested to finance must be based on the " Ozone Depleting Substances Phase Out Program", that each developing country must arrange in order to receive funding.
All projects are presented by the developing country itself, with the support of the implementing agencies. If the projects comply with existing guidelines and procedures, they are submitted to the Executive Committee for their approval. The projects’ implementation (from the start to the completion of the same project) is borne by the agencies themselves.
It should be remembered that the Fund only pays project incremental costs, established according to the Committee rules for each sector of application. These costs represent the additional cost of conversion, related to "environmental performance": substantially the additional costs associated with choosing one technology, with respect to one another, for its best environmental characteristics.
In the present phase, the Fund activities focus on the financing of the reduction and elimination calendar of hydro-chlorine-fluorocarbons (HCFCs) governed by the Montreal Protocol. It should also be noted that, in the context of the international negotiations under the Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol adopted on October 2016, hydro-fluorocarbons (HFCs) are going to be included among substances subject to progressive reduction, as even if they do not have a deteriorating effect on the ozone layer, they have a strong global warming potential.
Those Italian companies that stand out for innovative environmental technologies replacing HCFC and/or leapfrogging HFCs can internationalize their know-how by becoming providers of the United Nations' Implementing Agencies.
Agencies implementing industrial conversion projects, approved by the Ozone Multilateral Fund Board of Directors, publish on their websites those projects they are implementing and the technical components they need for replacing the ozone depleting technologies. Therefore, for a company or other potentially interested Italian entities, wishing to participate in projects linked to projects funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, it is suggested to constantly monitor the following sites:
• United Nations Development Program (UNDP): http://procurement-notices.undp.org . Given the high number of notifications on several sectors, it is particularly recommended to monitor mainly through key words such as "HCFC", "HPMP" in the "pollution" and/or "consultants" sectors;
• United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO): http://www.unido.org/en/procurement/notices.html . It is recommended to consult the UNIDO "Procurement Portal" (https://procurement.unido.org) for which it is mandatory to register as bidders by clicking "request bidder account ";
• World Bank: http://www.worldbank.org/projects . Given the high number of notifications on a variety of sectors, it is particularly advisable to monitor primarily through keywords such as "HCFC", "HPMP", "Montreal";
• United Nations Environment Program (UNEP): http://www.unep.org/ietc/Procurement/tabid/104300/Default.aspx . In order to access the UNEP bids, it is mandatory to register on the UNEP official suppliers’ list. All information can be found on the site.