On July 14th, 2017, in Havana, the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea (IMELS) and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment of the Republic of Cuba (CITMA) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of vulnerability to climate change, risk management, adaptation and mitigation.
The Mid Term Work Plan identifies the following main areas of cooperation.
1. Improving of Climate Data Collection, management and forecasting: Early Warning Systems, monitoring, recording and acquisition of data for vulnerability and risk assessment of the Cuban coastal zone to climatic change.
2. Use of computational tools and numerical models to assess scenarios in coastal areas vulnerable to sea-level rise due to climate change and/or flooding by extreme weather events.
3. Resilience and adaptation/mitigation actions in coastal areas particularly linked to coastal protection-restoration and tourism development.
4. Assessment of Renewable Energy availability and needs in Cuba.
5. Strengthening disaster risk governance and national capacities for disasters prevention, mitigation, preparedness.
The Joint Committee, decision-making body of the agreement, has currently approved 3 projects.
• Resilience of marine ecosystems and inquiring in the energy potential deriving from sea: the project aims to protect Cuban marine ecosystem promoting its resilience to the phenomena of temperatures and sea level rising and acidification of oceans. A study of the energy potential deriving from the sea is an important component of the proposal.
• Feasibility study for the protection of the coastal area of Malecón: the study for the management of the Malecón, the famous sea-side of Havana, aims to reduce the serious phenomena of erosion due to typhoons.
• Acquisition of satellite data useful for the control of phenomena of intrusion and sea pollution: the objective of the project is to create a system to trace water pollution and monitors the discharge of oil from boats sailing in the area.